Reinforcement schedules definition. Sometimes a behavior might not be reinforced at all. Schedules of reinforcement are the precise rules that are used to present or to remove reinforcers or punishers following a specified operant behavior. Schedule of reinforcement as you know reinforcement is a process that increases the frequency of a targeted behavior by either using a negative stimulus or a positive stimulus.
In operant conditioning a fixed ratio schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where a response is reinforced only after a specified number of responses. In addition reinforcement is effective when it occurs on some schedule. A schedule of reinforcement acts as a rule.
When and how a consequence is reinforced is critical to the learning process and the likelihood of increasing a response. In some cases a behavior might be reinforced every time it occurs. Reinforcers can be positive negative or both.
Others depend on how much time has passed. Essentially the subject provides a set number of responses and then the trainer offers a reward. For example in a lever pressing situation every displacement of the lever will bring a pellet of food or comparable reinforcer continuous reinforcement schedule or the reinforcer will come at every 5 seconds regardless of how many displacements occur earlier fixed interval.
In the psychology of conditioning established procedures or sequences for reinforcing operant behavior. Dont worry if youre confused. In operant conditioning a schedule of reinforcement dictates how often a behavior is reinforced.
A schedule of reinforcement is basically a rule stating which instances of a behavior will be reinforced. These rules are defined in terms of the time andor the number of responses required in order to present or to remove a reinforcer or a punisher.